Wurzburg to Vienna
23.12.2016 2 °C
MONDAY 19 DECEMBER - the Romantic Road to Rothenburg.
An early start today as we disembark at 8.30 am. It is still before sunrise. Our journey today was to Rothenburg via the Romantic Road.
Rothenburg ob der Tauber is a town in the district of Ansbach of Mittelfranken (Middle Franconia), the Franconia region of Bavaria, Germany. It is well known for its well-preserved medieval old town, a destination for tourists from around the world. It is part of the popular Romantic Road through southern Germany.
Rothenburg was a Free Imperial City from the late Middle Ages to 1803.
The road itself is sometimes little more than a single lane as it wends its way through small villages.
If you were wondering what fuel cost, here it is.
The medieval town of Rothenburg was founded in 1170.
This is the dunking machine. Merchants who short changed customers and were found out suffered the consequence.
The carts in the picture below were used in movies here. Rothenburg has appeared in several films, notably fantasies. It was the inspiration for the village in the 1940 Walt Disney movie Pinocchio. It was the location for the Vulgarian village scenes in the 1968 family movie, Chitty Chitty Bang Bang.
We have tasted many Bavarian food delights.
TUESDAY 21 DECEMBER - on the Main-Danube Canal enroute to Bamberg. The Rhine–Main–Danube Canal in Bavaria, Germany, connects the Main and the Danube rivers across the European Watershed, running from Bamberg via Nuremberg to Kelheim. The canal connects the North Sea and Atlantic Ocean to the Black Sea, providing a navigable artery between the Rhine delta (at Rotterdam in the Netherlands), and the Danube Delta in south-eastern Romania and south-western Ukraine (or Constanța, through the Danube–Black Sea Canal). The present canal was completed in 1992 and is 171 kilometres long.
Here are some pictures we took this morning at 8.30 am with the temperature at -4 degrees and ice on the canal.
Bamberg is a town in northern Bavaria, Germany, laid out over 7 hills where the Regnitz and Main rivers meet. Its old town preserves structures from the 11th to 19th centuries including the muraled Altes Rathaus, which occupies an island in the Regnitz reached by arched bridges. The Romanesque Bamberg Cathedral, begun in the 11th century, features 4 towers and numerous stone carvings.
Here is the Cathedral. The second picture shows the old Bishop's Palace used by the Bishops up to 1700 and the third picture is the new Bishop's Palace used after 1700.
The Old Town Hall in Bamberg is quite a curiosity: The frescoes that adorn the facades are as amazing as the story behind the building's construction.
According to legend the bishop of Bamberg did not grant the citizens any land for the construction of a town hall. This prompted the townsfolk to ram stakes into the river Regnitz to create an artificial island, on which they built the town hall they so badly wanted.
The Old Town Hall's frescoes never fail to impress as they lend the facades a three-dimensional quality achieved with trompe d'oeil architecture. A special detail is a continual source of mirth among tourists: the leg of a cherub protudes out of the wall as a sculpture.
WEDNESDAY 21 DECEMBER - NUREMBURG
Nuremberg is a city on the river Pegnitz and the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia, about 170 kilometres north of Munich. It is the second-largest city in Bavaria (after Munich), and the largest in Franconia.
Here is a picture of one of the 6 places the canal goes over the top of the highway.
Nuremberg was the centre of the rise of Hitler and the National Socialists. 90 % of Nuremberg was heavily damaged through bombings and house to house fighting.
The pictures below are of the Zeppelinfield, the site of the Nuremberg rallies.
The Kongresshalle looms over Nuremberg like a misplaced relic of ancient Rome. Designed by Franz and Ludwig Ruff in 1935, it was to have been the centerpiece of the vast Nazi party rally grounds, flanked by triumphal parade-grounds and stadiums.
Once designs for the structure were complete, construction was started in earnest and on a vast scale: the completed Kongresshalle would have seated 50,000. One of the centerpieces of Hitler’s fantasy of a thousand-year Reich, its colonnades and layers of archways were designed to echo the Coliseum in Rome - another symbol of an empire triumphant.
The Second World War diverted attention away from the project, and the Kongresshalle was never completed. The building only reached about half its planned height of 70 meters . Much of the interior was Kongresshalle survived the war - and it was landmarked in its half-built state. Today, an exhibition on ‘Fascination and Terror’ is shown in one of its wings, and it can be visited along with the remains of the Nuremberg rally grounds.
Nuremberg f known for he war crimes trial. This is Reichmarshal Herman Goering who heard nothing, saw nothing and knew nothing.
THURSDAY 22 DECEMBER - REGENSBURG
Regensburg, a Bavarian city on the Danube River in southeast Germany, is known for its well-preserved medieval core. The 12th-century Stone Bridge, a 310m-long icon with 16 arches, crosses the river to the old town. The 13th-century Regensburg Cathedral, a twin-spired Gothic landmark, is home to the Regensburger Domspatzen choir. Walhalla, a Parthenon replica just east of the city, honors illustrious Germans.
This is the oldest stone bridge crossing a river and in Europe. The picture below it is the southern side of the river where the whole area was blown up by Napoleon Bonaparte so these buildings are only 200 years old.
The old city gate at the bridge end into the north side of the Danube.
The Cathedral was started in 1237 and finished 600 years later. Regensburg as never bombed so he Cathedral and the glass windows are original.
FRIDAY 23 DECEMBER- SALZBURG ( 2 hours by bus from Passau, Germany then 2 hours to catch up with our ship at Linz, Austria)
Salzburg is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg.
Salzburg's "Old Town" (Altstadt) is internationally renowned for its baroque architecture and is one of the best-preserved city centers north of the Alps. It was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. The city has three universities and a large population of students. Tourists also frequent the city to tour the city's historic center and the scenic Alpine surroundings.
Salzburg was the birthplace of 18th-century composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. In the mid‑20th century, the city was the setting for the musical play and film The Sound of Music.
We left early at 8.00 am and had to be careful boarding the coach because of the very slippery black area ice.
This is what we he front of our coach looked last Je an hour later.
We stopped at the HellbrunnerPalace, home of the Prince Bishops.
Then we went to the Mirrabel a palace gardens. This was built by one of the Prince Bishops for his mistress who bore him 15 children. In the background you can see the HohenSalzburg fortress.
In the afternoon we went up to a chalet 1001 metres up a mountain near Salzburg for a Sound of Music Show. We were greeted by horns, then the show with the largest musical instrument and then he smallest musical instrument.
View from the mountain.
Tomorrow we will visit the Monastery at Melk and then sail on to Durnstein. Durnstein Fortress was where Richard the Lionheart was imprisioned by Leopoldo, the 5th Duke of Austria. For this, Leopoldo was excommunicated by Pope Celestine 111.